NetBackup™ Web UI Security Administrator's Guide

Last Published:
Product(s): NetBackup (8.2)
  1. Introducing the NetBackup web user interface
      About the NetBackup web user interface
      First-time sign in to a NetBackup master server from the NetBackup web UI
      Sign in to the NetBackup web UI
      Authorized users
      The NetBackup dashboard
  2. Managing role-based access control
      About role-based access control (RBAC) in NetBackup
      NetBackup default RBAC roles
      Configuring RBAC
      Add a custom role
      Edit or delete a custom role
      About object groups
    7. Steps to create an object group
        Selecting the assets for an object group
        Selecting application servers for an object group
        Selecting protection plans for an object group
        Preview the objects in an object group
      Edit or delete an object group
      Add access for a user through access rules
      Edit or remove user access rules
  3. Adding AD or LDAP domains
      Add AD or LDAP domains
  4. Security events and audit logs
      View security events and audit logs
    2. About NetBackup auditing
        User identity in the audit report
        Audit retention period and catalog backups of audit records
        Viewing the detailed NetBackup audit report
  5. Managing hosts
      View NetBackup host information
      Approve or add mappings for a host that has multiple host names
      Remove mappings for a host that has multiple host names
      Reset a host's attributes
  6. Managing security certificates
      About security management and certificates in NetBackup
      NetBackup host IDs and host ID-based certificates
    3. Managing NetBackup security certificates
        Reissue a NetBackup certificate
        Managing NetBackup certificate authorization tokens
    4. Using external security certificates with NetBackup
        View external certificate information for the NetBackup hosts in the domain
  7. Managing user sessions
      Display a message to users when they sign in
      Enable maximum sign-in attempts and idle time-out settings for user sessions
      Sign out a NetBackup user session
      Unlock a NetBackup user
  8. Managing master server security settings
      Certificate authority for secure communication
      Disable communication with NetBackup 8.0 and earlier hosts
      Disable automatic mapping of NetBackup host names
      About NetBackup certificate deployment security levels
      Select a security level for NetBackup certificate deployment
      Set a passphrase for disaster recovery
  9. Creating and using API keys
      About API keys
      Manage API keys
      Use an API key with NetBackup REST APIs
      View API keys
  10. Configuring smart card authentication
      Configure user authentication with smart cards or digital certificates
      Edit the configuration for smart card authentication
      Add or delete a CA certificate that is used for smart card authentication
      Disable or temporarily disable smart card authentication
  11. Troubleshooting access to the web UI
      Tips for accessing the NetBackup web UI
      If a user doesn't have the correct permissions or access in the NetBackup web UI
    3. Unable to add AD or LDAP domains with the vssat command
        Connection cannot be established with the AD or the LDAP server
        User credentials are not valid
        An incorrect user base DN or group base DN was provided
        Multiple users or groups exist with the same name under user base DN or group base DN
        User or group does not exist

About NetBackup auditing

Auditing is enabled by default in new installations. NetBackup auditing can be configured directly on a NetBackup master server.

Auditing of NetBackup operations provides the following benefits:

  • Customers can gain insight from audit trails while they investigate unexpected changes in a NetBackup environment.

  • Regulatory compliance.

    The record complies with guidelines such as those required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX).

  • A method for customers to adhere to internal change management policies.

  • Help for NetBackup Support in troubleshooting problems for customers.

About the NetBackup Audit Manager

The NetBackup Audit Manager (nbaudit) runs on the master server and audit records are maintained in the Enterprise Media Manager (EMM) database.

An administrator can search specifically for:

  • When an action occurred

  • Failed actions in certain situations

  • The actions that a specific user performed

  • The actions that were performed in a specific content area

  • Changes to the audit configuration

Note the following:

  • The audit record truncates any entries greater than 4096 characters. (For example, policy name.)

  • The audit record truncates any restore image IDs greater than 1024 characters.

Actions that NetBackup audits

NetBackup records the following user-initiated actions.

Activity monitor actions

Canceling, suspending, resuming, restarting, or deleting any type of job creates an audit record.

Alerts and email notifications

If an alert cannot be generated or an email notification cannot be sent for NetBackup configuration settings. For example, SMTP server configuration and the list of excluded status codes for alerts.

Asset actions

Deleting an asset, such as a vCenter server, as part of the asset cleanup process with the Asset Database API is audited and logged.

Creating, modifying, or deleting an asset group as well any action on an asset group for which a user is not authorized is audited and logged.

Authorization failure

Authorization failure is audited when you use the NetBackup web UI, the NetBackup APIs, or Enhanced Auditing.

Catalog information

This information includes:

  • Verifying and expiring images.

  • Read the requests that are sent for the front-end usage data.

Certificate management

Creating, revoking, renewing, and deploying of NetBackup certificates and specific NetBackup certificate failures.

Certificate Verification Failures (CVFs)

Any failed connection attempts that involve SSL handshake errors, revoked certificates, or host name validation failures.

For certificate verification failures (CVFs) that involve SSL handshakes and revoked certificates, the timestamp indicates when the audit record is posted to the master server. (Rather than when an individual certificate verification fails.) A CVF audit record represents a group of CVF events over a time period. The record details provide the start and the end times of the time period as well as the total number of CVFs that occurred in that period.

Disk pools and Volume pools actions

Adding, deleting, or updating disk or volume pools.

Hold operations

Creating, modifying, and deleting hold operations.

Host database

NetBackup host database-related operations.

Logon attempts

Any successful or any failed logon attempts for the NetBackup Administration Console, the NetBackup web UI or the NetBackup APIs.

Policies actions

Adding, deleting, or updating policy attributes, clients, schedules, and backup selections lists.

Restore and browse image user actions

All the restore and browse image content (bplist) operations that a user performs are audited with the user identity.

Security configuration

Information that is related to changes that are made to the security configuration settings.

Starting a restore job

NetBackup does not audit when other types of jobs begin. For example, NetBackup does not audit when a backup job begins.

Starting and stopping the NetBackup Audit Manager (nbaudit).

Starting and stopping of the nbaudit manager is always audited, even if auditing is disabled.

Storage lifecycle policy actions

Attempts to create, modify, or delete a storage lifecycle policy (SLP) are audited and logged. However, activating and suspending an SLP using the command nbstlutil are not audited. These operations are audited only when they are initiated from a NetBackup graphical user interface or API.

Storage servers actions

Adding, deleting, or updating storage servers.

Storage units actions

Adding, deleting, or updating storage units.


Actions that are related to storage lifecycle policies are not audited.

Token management

Creating, deleting, and cleanup of tokens and specific token issuing failures.

User management

Adding and deleting Enhanced Auditing users in the Enhanced Auditing mode.

User action that fails to create an audit record

If auditing is enabled but a user action fails to create an audit record, the audit failure is captured in the nbaudit log. NetBackup status code 108 is returned (Action succeeded but auditing failed). The NetBackup Administration Console does not return an exit status code 108 when auditing fails.

Actions that NetBackup does not audit

The following actions are not audited and do not display in the audit report:

Any failed actions.

NetBackup logs failed actions in NetBackup error logs. Failed actions do not display in audit reports because a failed attempt does not bring about a change in the NetBackup system state.

The effect of a configuration change

The results of a change to the NetBackup configuration are not audited. For example, the creation of a policy is audited, but the jobs that result from its creation are not.

The completion status of a manually initiated restore job

While the act of initiating a restore job is audited, the completion status of the job is not audited. Nor is the completion status of any other job type, whether initiated manually or not. The completion status is displayed in the Activity Monitor (Administration Console) and in the Jobs (web UI).

Internally initiated actions

NetBackup-initiated internal actions are not audited. For example, the scheduled deletion of expired images, scheduled backups, or periodic image database cleanup is not audited.

Rollback operations

Some operations are carried out as multiple steps. For example, creating an MSDP-based storage server consists of multiple steps. Every successful step is audited. Failure in any of the steps results in a rollback, or rather, the successful steps may need to be undone. The audit record does not contain details about rollback operations.

Host properties actions

Changes made using the bpsetconfig or the nbsetconfig commands, or the equivalent property in the Host Properties utility, are not audited. Changes that are made directly to the bp.conf file or to the registry are not audited.